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独木舟传记

 当他荡舟漂流多日,远离自己的家园时;当他查看外出的行囊,知道那是他的全部家当并将靠着它旅行到任何他想去的新天地时,就会感到自己终于可以直接面对真实的生活本质。以前他在一些烦琐小事中花费了过多的精力,如今才回到一种古老明智的生活惯例之中。不知何故,生活突然间变得简单圆满;他的欲望所剩无几,迷茫与困惑全无,取而代之的是深深的幸福和满足。
 
划桨和荡舟的感觉中有魔力,那是一种由距离、探险、孤独和宁静融合在一起的魔力。当你与自己的独木舟融为一体时,便与独木舟所经过的山水密不可分。
(
选自生活读书新知三联书店《低吟的荒野》 ,有删节)

矽格F.奥尔森
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Sigurd Ferdinand Olson 矽格费迪南德奥尔森

Born
天生
April 4, 1899 1899
44 
Chicago, Illinois 
芝加哥,伊利诺斯
Died
死亡
January 13, 1982 ( 1982-01-13 ) (aged 82) 1982
113日(1982113日 )(82岁)
Alma mater
母校
Northland College 
北国学院 
University of Wisconsin–Madison 
威斯康星大学麦迪逊分校 
University of Illinois 
伊利诺伊大学
Occupation
占用
Teacher, nature writer , President of The Wilderness Society (1963–1971)
老师, 自然作家 ,总统荒野协会 1963年至1971年)
Notable work
显着的工作
The Singing Wilderness 歌唱荒野
Spouse(s)
配偶(S
Elizabeth Dorothy Uhrenholdt
伊丽莎白·多萝西Uhrenholdt
Awards
奖项
John Burroughs Medal (1974) 
约翰·巴勒斯奖章 1974年)
Sigurd Ferdinand Olson (April 4, 1899 – January 13, 1982) was an American author, environmentalist , and advocate for the protection of wilderness . 矽格费迪南德·奥尔森 189944- 1982年一月十三日)是一位美国作家, 环保 ,并为保护倡导者荒野  For more than thirty years, he served as a wilderness guide in the lakes and forests of the Quetico-Superior countryof northern Minnesota and northwestern Ontario .对于超过三十年,他担任过的湖泊和森林旷野引导Quetico的高级乡村北部明尼苏达州和西北部安大略省  He was known honorifically as the Bourgeois — a term the voyageurs of old used of their trusted leaders.honorifically 称为资产阶级 -任期船夫老用他们值得信赖的领导人。

Contents
内容 
 [hide] 
1 Biography 1
传记
2 Preservation work 2
保护工作
3 List of works 
作品名单 3
4 References 4
参考
5 Further reading 5
延伸阅读
6 External links 6
外部链接


Biography [ edit ]
编辑 ]
Born in Chicago, Illinois to Swedish , baptist parents, Olson grew up in northern Wisconsin where he developed his lifelong interest in the outdoors.
出生于芝加哥,伊利诺伊州到瑞典  浸信会的父母,奥尔森在北方长大, 威斯康星州 ,在那里他开发了他在户外终生兴趣。 They moved first to Sister Bay, then Prentice, then Ashland. [1] In June 1921, Olson took his first canoe trip where he fell in love with the canoe country wilderness of northern Minnesota that would become the Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness (with his help). [1] His first article, an account of a canoe expedition, was published by the Milwaukee Journal on July 31, 1921. [1] In August of that year, Olson married Elizabeth Dorothy Uhrenholdt, and the two spent their honeymoon on another canoe trip in the Boundary Waters.他们刚搬到大姐湾,然后学徒,然后阿什兰。 [1] 19216月,奥尔森带着他的第一个独木舟之旅,在那里他爱上了北方的独木舟国家荒野明尼苏达州将成为边界水域独木舟区原野 (用他的帮助)。 [1]他的第一篇文章,帐户独木舟探险队,在731日公布的由密尔沃基学报,1921[1]在这一年8月,奥尔森结婚伊丽莎白多萝西Uhrenholdt,两人度过了蜜月在边界水域另一只独木舟之旅。 He worked as a canoe guide for JC Russell's outfitters on Fall Lake in Winton, Minnesota , before purchasing the business in 1929.他曾作为一个独木舟指南JC罗素对秋季湖旅行用品通泰,明尼苏达州 ,在1929年购买业务之前。
He led canoe expeditions for a group that became known as the "Voyageurs," which routinely included Eric W. Morse , Denis Coolican , Blair Fraser, Tony Lovink, Eric W. Morse, Elliott Rodger, and Omond Solandt . [1]
他带领探险独木舟为成为著名的船夫,这通常包括一组埃里克W.莫尔斯  丹尼斯Coolican ,布莱尔弗雷泽,托尼Lovink,埃里克W.莫尔斯,埃利奥特罗杰和Omond Solandt  [1]
After studying agriculture , botany , geology , and ecology at Northland College , the University of Wisconsin–Madison , and theUniversity of Illinois , Olson moved to Ely, Minnesota to teach biology at Ely Junior College (now Vermilion Community College ).
经研究农业  植物学  地质学和生态学在北国学院 ,在威斯康星大学麦迪逊分校和伊利诺伊大学 ,奥尔森搬到伊利,明尼苏达州的伊利初级学院(现教生物学弗米利恩社区学院 )。 He later chaired the science department and served as dean.后来,他主持了科学系,并担任院长。 in 1947 he resigned from his teaching position and began writing full-time. [1] He spent most of his life in the Ely area, working as a canoe guide during the summer months, teaching, and writing about the natural history ,ecology , and outdoor life in and around the Boundary Waters.1947年,他从他的教学职位辞职,开始写全职。 [1]他度过了他一生中最在伊利区工作作为独木舟夏季,教学中指导,并撰写有关自然历史  生态 ,和户外生活和周围的界限水。
On August 27, 1971, a little over a year after the celebration of the first Earth Day , Northland College hosted its first environmental conference.
1971827日,略高于第一的庆祝活动后一年地球日  北国学院举办了首次环境会议。 Among those invited to address the two-day conference were Senator Gaylord Nelson and Sigurd Olson.在那些应邀在为期两天的会议是参议员盖洛德尼尔森和西格奥尔森。 The conference became "the instrument of origin of the Sigurd Olson Environmental Institute ," as Robert Matteson , the founder of the Institute, wrote.这次会议成了原产仪器西格尔德奥尔森环境研究所为” 罗伯特·马特森 ,研究所的创始人,写道。 With energy to move in a new and exciting direction, and guided by the philosophies of Sigurd Olson, the Institute opened its doors in spring of 1972, embarking on more than 30 years of serving Northland College and the Lake Superior region.随着能源在新的和令人兴奋的方向移动,并通过西格尔德奥尔森的理念指导下,学会敞开了大门在春天的1972年,着手超过30年服务于北国学院和的苏必利尔湖地区。
In 1974, Olson earned the John Burroughs Medal , the highest honor in nature writing. 1974
年,奥尔森赢得了约翰·巴勒斯奖章,在自然界写作的最高荣誉。 He died on January 13, 1982 of a heart attack while snowshoeing near his home. [2] He received a tribute from the US Senate on the 100th anniversary of his birth. [3]他在心脏发作1982113日死亡,而他家附近的雪鞋。 [2]他在他诞辰100周年之际收到贡品从美国参议院。 [3]
Preservation work [ edit ]
保存工作编辑 ]
Olson was influential in the protection of the Boundary Waters and helped draft the Wilderness Act of 1964, becoming vice-president of The Wilderness Society from 1963 to 1967 and President 1968 to 1971. He also helped establish Voyageurs National Park in northern Minnesota, Alaska's Arctic National Wildlife Refuge , and Point Reyes National Seashore in California.
奥尔森是在保护有影响的边界水域 ,并帮助起草了原野行动 1964年,成为副总裁荒野协会 1963年至1967年和总统1968年至1971年他还帮助建立樵夫国家公园在明尼苏达州北部,阿拉斯加的北极国家野生动物保护区和雷斯岬国家海岸公园在加利福尼亚州。 Sigurd also was a consultant to the Secretary of the Interior Stewart Udall on wilderness and national park issues.矽格也是一个顾问,内政部长斯图尔特尤德尔于荒野国家公园的问题。
After over 50 years of hard work, Sigurd reached his goal.
经过50多年的艰苦努力,矽格达到他的目标。 Full wilderness status was granted to the Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness by Jimmy Carter in 1978, four years before Sigurd died.全荒野状态被授予了边界水域独木舟区原野由吉米·卡特在1978年,前四年西格死亡。 His hard work was commemorated in many different ways, including in the naming of a central building of YMCA Camp Widjiwagan , located on nearby Burntside Lake.他的辛勤工作是纪念在许多不同的方式,包括在YMCA的中心建筑物的命名营Widjiwagan ,位于附近的Burntside湖。
Olson was President of the National Parks Association and a member of its Board of Trustees.
奥尔森是总统国家公园协会和其董事会成员。
List of works [ edit ]
作品列表 编辑 ]
The Singing Wilderness (1956) 歌唱荒野 1956
Listening Point (1958) 收听点 1958
The Lonely Land (1961) 孤独的土地 1961年)
Runes of the North (1963) 北方的符文 1963
Open Horizons (1969) 开了眼界 1969
The Hidden Forest (1969) 隐藏的森林 1969
Wilderness Days (1972) 荒野天 1972年)
Reflections From the North Country (1976) 思考从北部地区 1976
Of Time and Place (1982) 时间和地点 1982
Songs of the North . 北之歌  Howard Frank Mosher, ed.霍华德弗兰克·莫舍,编辑。 (1987) 1987
The Collected Works of Sigurd F. Olson: The Early Writings, 1921-1934 . 矽格F.奥尔森的文集:本早期著作,1921年至1934 Mike Link, ed.迈克链接,编辑。 (1988) 1988
The Collected Works of Sigurd F. Olson: The College Years, 1935-1944 . 大学时代,1935年至1944年:西格尔德F.奥尔森的文集  Mike Link, ed.迈克链接,编辑。 (1990) 1990
The Meaning of Wilderness: Essential Articles and Speeches . 荒野的意义:基本文章和言论  Edited and with an Introduction by David Backes .编辑和由引言大卫BACKES  (2001) 2001
Spirit of the North: The Quotable Sigurd F. Olson . 在新书西格尔德F.奥尔森:北方的精神  Edited and with an Introduction byDavid Backes .编辑和由引言大卫BACKES  (2004) 2004

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